Research Projects
Vascular Protective Functions of the Anti-Ageing Protein SIRT1


Programme(s) to which this project applies:

☒ MPhil/PhD ☑ MRes[Med] ☒ URIS
About the Project

Objective and Significance:

Our recent evidence demonstrate that overexpression of SIRT1 blocks the senescence process of cultured primary endothelial cells (PAEC), at least in part through targeting LKB1 and its downstream AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK). Both SIRT1 and AMPK are considered as essential energy regulators and redox sensors, and show stimulatory effects on endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS), a key enzyme in vascular homeostasis.

The objectives of this study are to investigate whether or not endothelial over-expression of SIRT1, SIRT1(H363Y), or constitutively active AMPK affect eNOS activity in endothelial cells and the development of endothelial dysfunction associated with various pathological conditions such as obesity, insulin resistance and diabetes. The results are expected to provide important insights which will reveal the functional mechanisms underlying the vascular protective activity of SIRT1 and delineate the crosstalk with AMPK signaling pathways.

Research Plan and Methodology:

First, we will evaluate the effects of 1) overexpression of LKB1 or its dominant negative mutant LKB1(D194A) and/or 2) SIRT1 activation (by both overexpression of SIRT1 and SRT1720 treatment) or inhibition [by overexpression of SIRT1(H363Y), transfection of small silencing SIRT1 plasmid or treatment with sirtinol] on phosphorylations and activities of eNOS, Akt and IRS-1, as well as the activities of PI3K associated with IRS-1. Second, we will examine whether or not adenovirus-mediated expression of a constitutively active Akt can counteract LKB1-induced suppression of eNOS phosphorylation in PAECs co-transfected with LKB1 and SIRT1(H363Y). Third, we will test whether down-regulation of LKB1 could enhance, or inhibition of PI3K/Akt pathway could attenuate the eNOS phosphorylation observed in SIRT1 overexpressing cells.

Lastly, transgenic mice with endothelial-specific overexpression of SIRT1 or its dominant negative mutant SIRT1(H363Y), and the constitutively active AMPKα1 will be subjected to 1) high fat diet; 2) intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin; 3) cross breeding with atherosclerosis-prone apoE knockout mice; 4) intraperitoneal injection of paraquat. Both aortic and carotid artery rings will be collected for evaluating insulin-induced aortic relaxation, acetylcholine-induced relaxation in aorta or contraction (EDCF-mediated) in carotid arteries using multi Myograph System. The aortic tissues will also be subjected to histological examination for analyzing the proportion of senescence associated β gal– positive cells. ROS will be measured with 2', 7'-dichlorodihydrofluorescein. In summary, these experiments are expected to provide important and novel information on the concordant regulations of SIRT1 and LKB1/AMPK on eNOS and endothelium-dependent vascular functions under both physiological and pathological conditions.

About the Supervisor

Professor Y Wang, Department of Pharmacology and Pharmacy

Biography
yuwanghk@hku.hk

Next Step?

For more information or to express interest for this project, please email the supervisor or the specified contact point in the project description.  Interested candidates are advised to enclose with your email:

  1. your CV,
  2. a brief description of your research interest and experience, and
  3. two reference letters (not required for HKUMed UG students seeking MRes[Med]/URIS projects).

Information on the research programme, funding support and admission documentations could be referenced online at the Research Postgraduate Admissions website. General admission enquiries should be directed to rpgmed@hku.hk.

HKUMed MBBS students interested in the Master of Research in Medicine (MRes[Med]) programme may visit the programme website for more information.  

HKUMed UG students interested in the Undergraduate Research Internship Scheme (URIS) may visit the scheme’s website for more information.